2.10. Mugs

Mug personalised mugs, cool coffee mugs Gifts-custopolis.com 

History of the cup, best coffe cup, cute mugs

 

Long ago, before we had cups or even pots, people drank from clay calabashes or jars that they made themselves by hand using the local materials available at the time. No wonder it took them so long to invent a pottery vessel that could keep a liquid hot or cold without burning up!

As to who actually invented the cup, it is not entirely clear!

But it was in ancient times that pottery cups were used for drinking water and other beverages in Asia and Africa, as well as in Europe and North America. The oldest cups found in different parts of the world are clay vessels that were discovered in Egypt during excavations conducted between 1933 and 1938 by the archaeologist Amelia Biliotti. They date back to 4000 BC and have certain similarities with today’s ceramic cups.

 

In ancient times, drinking vessels were mainly used to store water, not to drink it, as most modern glasses are today!

The cup used to be made of wood in the countryside, and of thick earthenware in the cabarets where it was often decorated with floral motifs.

We know the story of the pottery kiln from an ancient Chinese poem, the “Shuihuzhuan” (poem about the origin of objects). It reads as follows…

 

There was once a man named Zhou Bo, who had a son named Lu Buwei, who had a daughter named Jiang Wei.

Jiang Wei was the first person to make porcelain ware, which she then presented to her father, who liked it so much that he gave her this land, where she built a kiln and started making pots for sale, with her father’s blessing (he needed the money, after all!). She sold them very well and soon became rich; however, she wanted to give something back to her parents for their generosity, so she asked her father if he would accept these two cups, which she said were the best ever made. One day Lu Buwei decided to build a kiln so that his sister, Jiang Wei, could make pots. He went into the forest to collect clay and saw beautiful pieces of glazed porcelain lying in the ground among the roots of the trees! He took them home, and the next morning he called his son, Lu Buwei, and told him to take these pieces of porcelain to make pots, and then took him to see the kiln where they had been collected.

 

Tea was introduced during the Chinese Han Dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD). The more than four centuries of Han Dynasty rule are widely regarded as one of the “golden ages” of Chinese history. 

With the beginning of the Han Dynasty, the pottery industry developed and many types of vessels appeared on the market.

The need for a container to drink tea led to the development of the cup, especially the handleless cup in China. Europe discovered tea in the 17th century with the development of trade relations between East and West, but Europeans preferred to drink their tea very hot. The handle was therefore invented in Europe by the German Johann Friedrich Bottger in 1707.

In France, the ordinances of 1699 and 1709, which restricted the use of precious metals, encouraged the development of ceramics, particularly earthenware and porcelain, which played an increasingly important role in the creation of cabarets (lunch services) for serving exotic drinks. Throughout the 18th century, there were many innovations in decoration, technique and form.

 

Expensive beverages, tea, coffee and chocolate give rise to services that are mainly used for consumption but also dedicated to collectors’ items, without it always being possible to distinguish the different uses. The size of the services also varies, and the pieces that make up the services are made using multiple techniques that fall under the heading of goldsmithing or ceramics.

 

The earliest known example of a pottery vessel capable of keeping a liquid hot or cold is an ancient Chinese pottery jar dating from the Tang Dynasty (618-907). A scholar, Xu Xiake, mentioned the origin of porcelain in his book “Zhongguo chuantong shi” (中國出现的歷史), published in the 1730s, which describes that Emperor Muzong of the Tang Dynasty ordered the creation of high quality porcelain during the reign of Empress Wu Zetian, who was also the Emperor’s wife.

We have no idea how old these ceramic cups are, but they have certainly been around for a long time! They were made in China during the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD), and by that time there were already about 20 different types of ceramic cups on the market; in addition, there were many others made by potters, all of whom used clay from different sources in the country, with varying degrees of skill and quality control!

 

Particularity of some cups

In the middle of the 18th century, manufacturers started to produce cups of different sizes: the smallest was called “mignonnette”, the most common being 6 cm high. At the end of the century, cups were differentiated according to the drink.

First in Germany, then in Austria and France, porcelain factories started to make “trembling” cups deeply embedded in their high saucer, which prevented the container from slipping. It seems to be used more for chocolate and usually has a handle and sometimes a lid. 

 

The origin of these cups is Spanish.

 

The “Queen’s” or breakfast cup, also known as the “milk cup”, with its strict truncated cone shape and deep saucer, was invented by Sèvres for the morning breakfast, its particularity was to keep the milk hot. Some are without handles and without lid, others have one or two handles and a lid.

 

The “litron” cup, also called “square cup”, with or without a lid, is cylindrical and has an equal diameter and height. It is the ancestor of our coffee cup. It takes its name and shape from an ancient liquid measuring vessel. This cup appeared at the Vincennes factory in 1752.

The Calabrian goblet cup is slightly rounded at the base, with a slightly flared upper rim.

The Etruscan cup made in 1786 for Queen Marie-Antoinette in the Rambouillet dairy.

The jasmine cup, intended for chocolate: slightly flared, on a small base that serves as a pedestal, called a piédouche, it is decorated with animal claws and has rolled handles that are higher than the cup.

The duck cup is small and is used to dip a sugar cube into three drops of coffee.

The same name is given to the cup that bedridden patients drink from. It has a handle for the carer and a long spout that can be slipped between the patient’s lips to avoid spilling the liquid. The analogy between the spout and the bird’s beak led to the name “duck”. The duck was mainly made of earthenware until the end of the 20th century, when this material was replaced by plastic.

The filter or herbal tea cup is large and has a built-in filter.

The broth cup is wide and flared, with a lid and two side handles.

The moustache cup, created at the end of the 19th century, is a cup with a semi-circular inner rim. The rim has a crescent-shaped opening that prevents the liquid from reaching the hair of moustached drinkers.

 

Mugs, cool coffee mugs

 

The evolution of the human species has been made through many small changes in habits and ways of acting. One of these changes is undoubtedly the way we eat and the utensils and objects we use, as we have already mentioned in our article. Kitchen items have diversified over time according to cultures and needs. 

The mug is one of those illustrious everyday objects that have a history and whose usefulness is no longer in question.

The mug is now tending to be rivalled by the mug, which is a large, much more fashionable cup used without a saucer.

A mug is a large cylindrical container with a handle, used without a saucer, which looks similar to a mug and is used for drinking or measuring in Europe and Quebec, and only for drinking hot liquids in North America.

A mug can also be made of clay, glass or enamelled metal.

Its use varies from region to region and it can be decorated and personalised as desired. You can therefore offer or buy a mug personalised with your company logo, to drink a cup of coffee while motivating yourself at work.

 A mug has the particularity of being able to be decorated according to one’s taste and wishes. They are available in different sizes and formats, as well as in different colours. 

The mug as the perfect gift for everyone

 

The main way to personalise a mug is by writing designs and texts on it.

For example, you can write motivational phrases, photos or drawings or your company logo. This boosts self-esteem, especially if the object is a gift and has a special meaning.

 

Although it is a common object, the mug, the best coffee cup to buy on Gifts-custopolis.com, is a remarkable gift. Our custom mugs are gifts that you can use to please a loved one, friend or colleague. With a little imagination, these personalised mugs can become a source of joy and memories. Indeed, mugs are generally very affordable and easy to obtain.

Our cute mugs are original gifts that can be personalised for the person who will receive it.

A morning coffee and hot chocolate lover would love to have her own unique and inspiring mug. You can have cool coffee mugs : a mug printed with funny jokes or pictures or a mug with a photo.

It is also possible to have something that is particularly appreciated by the individual printed on it. For example, flowers, favourite animals or characters from comics and science fiction or a personal photo to personalise magic mug

 

Making a mug

 

1) First of all, the raw material is put into a grinder and ground into a smaller, more manageable clay powder. The clay powder is combined with quartz feldspar and water in a mixer for 15 hours. 

2) The refining process continues when the clay slurry is fed into moulding tubes and formed into clay balls which are cut into specific portions. The portion discs are placed in a disposable mould and take the shape of your cup.

3) After drying, the mug is removed from the mould by hand and is ready for the next step. Processing the applications, the mud handles are made in the same way as the body of the mug. 

4) Once the handles have dried and been removed from the mould, they are dipped into a mixture of clay and water called slip, which acts as a glue. Now it is time to work on the details.

5) A technician carefully removes any excess clay or rough edges, removing any dust or debris and giving the cup a perfectly smooth finish.

6) It is now time to give the mugs their characteristic colour and ceramic glaze. Some mugs are dipped in a single colour glaze, the edges are padded and they are ready for the next step. Other mugs need a little more Flair. For example, a specially painted rim or a different colour on the inside than on the outside. 

7) All cups are hand dipped and painted to ensure a quality coating every time. The cups are set aside for at least 12 hours to dry completely before they are now put in the oven. It’s time to bake them, which makes them permanently hard. 

8) Rows and rows of cups are placed on a conveyor belt that moves them through the oven and onto the other standard side. The oven temperature is about 2200 degrees Fahrenheit. 

9) Good news, your cups are now ready and looking great. The shipping equipment wraps them in plastic boxes and ships them to lucky customers around the world. 

10) Some mugs are left blank and others have a logo or text printed on them, making them a brand superstar. The next time you enjoy a cup of coffee, tea or chocolate milk, take the time to look around and appreciate all the hard work and craftsmanship that goes into your favourite mug.

11) Tot slot zorgt Gifts-custopolis.com voor uw persoonlijke verzoeken om uw mok te personaliseren en zult u met plezier een origineel en uniek geschenk aanbieden aan de persoon van uw keuze.

Mugs (and cups)

Synonyms

Mug, cup, bowl, bowl, container, tumbler…

Different definitions

– Cup: A cup is a small container with a handle, often made of earthenware or porcelain, designed to hold a hot drink (coffee, tea, chocolate, milk, herbal tea, etc.).  

– Mug: A large cylindrical cup with a handle. A mug is usually simpler in shape and somewhat larger than a cup. Because of this shape, the mug is a popular object to put an image on.

 Expressions : 

French expression “Boire la tasse” : When swimming, it sometimes happens that you involuntarily swallow water. This is called drinking the cup. The expression is a variant of the old expression “to drink from a big cup” and appeared towards the end of the 18th century and its figurative meaning is “to fail”.  

– It’s not my cup of tea: it’s not my favourite thing to do, it’s not my favourite activity; this expression is a literal translation of the same expression in French (“Ce n’est pas ma tasse de thé”). Dat is niet mijn meug in Dutch.

 

Etymology cup 

Old English cuppe, , from Late Latin cuppa “cup” (source of Italian coppa, Spanish copa, Old French coupe “cup”), from Latin cupa “tub, cask, tun, barrel,” which is thought to be cognate with Sanskrit kupah “hollow, pit, cave,” Greek kype “gap, hole; a kind of ship,” Old Church Slavonic kupu, Lithuanian kaupas “heap,” Old Norse hufr “ship’s hull,” Old English hyf “beehive.” (etymonline.com)

Bibliography

 

-l’internaute  (the Internet user)

https://www.linternaute.fr/dictionnaire/fr/definition/mug/

-Garbo glassware: comment le mug en céramique est-il fabriqué ? (how is the ceramic mug made?)

https://www.garboglass.com/fr/news/how-does-the-ceramic-mug-be-made-whole-process.html

-Synonymeur: 

https://www.synonymeur.com

-Une histoire de tasse (A cup story)

https://www.proantic.com/magazine/histoire-de-tasse/

-Wikipedia: tasse (cup)

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tasse#:~:text=Durant%20l’%C3%A8re%20de%20la,tasses%20sans%20 anses%20 en%20 Chine.

-Part of the text was generated by AI (in French)

 

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